ERIC Number: EJ720218
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: N/A
Exploring Reasons for Bed Pressures in Winnipeg Acute Care Hospitals
Menec, Verena H.; Bruce, Sharon; MacWilliam, Leonard R.
Canadian Journal on Aging, v24 suppl 1 p121-131 2005
Hospital overcrowding has plagued Winnipeg and other Canadian cities for years. This study explored factors related to overcrowding. Hospital files were used to examine patterns of hospital use from fiscal years 1996/1997 to 1999/2000. Chart reviews were conducted to examine appropriateness of admissions and hospital stays during one pressure week. Results indicate that pressure periods in the hospital system were driven by an influx of older adults with influenza associated respiratory illnesses. Moreover, examination of one specific pressure week showed that at least 100 beds were occupied by patients who likely did not require acute care. The chart review revealed that a substantial proportion of non-acute patient-days were spent awaiting home care, long-term care, or diagnostic testing services. These findings suggest future bed pressures might be prevented through influenza vaccination and an increase in the availability of--and timely transfer to--alternative levels of care.
Descriptors: Hospitals, Access to Health Care, Patients, Older Adults, Medical Services, Prevention, Foreign Countries
University of Toronto Press, 5201 Dufferin Street, North York, Ontario M3H 5T8 Canada. Tel: 416-667-7838; Fax: 416-667-7881.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada (Winnipeg)