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ERIC Number: EJ719853
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 21
Abstractor: Author
ISSN: ISSN-0024-9033
A Multilevel Analysis of the Effect of School Experiences on Injury and Leisure Activities Among Canadian Children
Ma, Xin
McGill Journal of Education, v39 n3 p261-282 Fall 2004
Using Canadian data from the 1998 Cross-National Survey on Health Behaviors in School-Aged Children, the present study examined the effects of school experiences on injury and leisure activities among Canadian students. Health outcomes were classified into two categories: injury (with and without medical treatment) and leisure activities (time spent on television and computer games, frequency of exercise, and hours of exercise). Multilevel analysis of cross-sectional data (from Grades 6 to 10) indicated that injury among students increased slightly over time and students increasingly lived an inactive life as they grew older. Student injury was not closely associated with either individual characteristics or school experiences. Gender emerged as the strongest student-level predictor of leisure activities. Characteristics of effective schools in which students spent less time on display screens included (a) positive peer influence, (b) fair school rules, and (c) positive sense of belonging to school. School experiences highlighted positive sense of belonging to school as the strongest school-level predictor of physical activities.
The McGill Journal of Education, Education Building, 3700 McTavish Street, Room 345, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1Y2. Tel: 514-398-4246; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 6; Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada