ERIC Number: EJ719291
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Apr
Reference Count: 22
Attitudes Towards School, Teacher, and Classmates at Classroom and Individual Levels: An Application of Two-Level Confirmatory Factor Analysis
Holfve-Sabel, Mary-Anne; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric
Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, v49 n2 p187-202 Apr 2005
Pupils' responses in Grade 6 to a 40-item questionnaire originally constructed to reveal different school attitudes were re-analysed using recently developed techniques for latent variable analysis of two-level data. One aim was to test a model for investigation of classroom environment and another aim was to compare exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis when applied at individual and class levels. When using confirmatory factor modelling a separation of the individual and class-level influences on the between-group matrix was obtained. At class level three factors could be justified: Teachers and Teaching, Social Relations in Classrooms and Work Atmosphere in Classrooms. We conclude that the present analysis encourages further use of this type of questionnaire when investigating pupils' attitudes in a large number of classes. Two-level latent variable analysis is useful for comparing pupils' attitudes within and between classes.
Descriptors: Grade 6, School Attitudes, Classroom Environment, Student Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Factor Analysis, Classroom Environment, Teacher Student Relationship, Peer Relationship, Evaluation Methods
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 6
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden