ERIC Number: EJ719287
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Feb
Reference Count: 40
Numeral Writing Skill and Elementary Arithmetic Mental Calculations
Johansson, Bo S.
Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, v49 n1 p3-25 Feb 2005
The paper reports three studies addressing the role of numeral writing for arithmetic performance. About 650 children in the age range 5-7 years participated in the studies. The results demonstrate a positive correlation between number of digits correctly written and number of arithmetic problems solved. The correlations between number of reversed digits (i.e., written backward) and arithmetic performance were also positive, in particular for the youngest children. A study of procedures used to solve the arithmetic problems showed strong correlations between correctly written numbers (two- to four-digit numbers) and the reports of decomposition and immediate retrieval solution procedures. The results support the conclusion that the acquisition of the number-word sequence and numeral writing skills provide the ground for the development of a mental number sequence that allows quantity value solution procedures.
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills, Young Children, Numeracy, Number Concepts, Computation, Numbers, Foreign Countries, Writing Skills, Correlation, Arithmetic
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden