ERIC Number: EJ719261
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jun
Reference Count: 8
The Effectiveness of Systems for Appealing against Marking Error
Newton, Paul E.; Whetton, Chris
Oxford Review of Education, v31 n2 p273-291 Jun 2005
One way to manage marking error, in a large-scale educational testing context, is to establish a mechanism through which appeals can be lodged. While, at one level, this seems to offer a straightforward technical solution to the problem of marking error, it can also result in unintended consequences, with political, social or educational ramifications. It is therefore important to monitor the operation of any appeal system, to determine how effectively it meets its objectives. The present paper was based on an evaluation of the system which operates for National Curriculum testing in England. Four underlying objectives were identified: the measurement objective, the political objective, the educational objective and the psychological objective. Although there is reason to believe that such goals can be achieved through appeal systems, there are major threats to achieving them, many of which appear to be inevitable. These threats are examined within the paper and implications for policy and practice are explored.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Testing, Testing Problems, Scoring, Educational Objectives, Review (Reexamination), Policy Analysis, Grading, Educational Policy, National Curriculum, Measurement Objectives
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)