ERIC Number: EJ719213
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Mar
Reference Count: 20
Is Anyone out There Listening? Explaining Low Reciprocal Interactivity during Televised Lessons in a Developing Country Context
Journal of Educational Media, v29 n1 p7-23 Mar 2004
In face-to-face teaching, the educator is able to directly mediate learning and gauge the level of the learners' English proficiency. Teleteaching makes this virtually impossible, as learners are invisible and thus immediate intervention in learning or estimations of proficiency are much more difficult to achieve. TELETUKS Schools 1--a community project of the University of Pretoria--aims to assist Grade 12 learners prepare for their final examinations via interactive, televised lessons in key subjects. This article seeks to explain why learners refrain from participating during educational transmissions even though technology permits bi-directional audio links. Understanding why viewers are reluctant to interact during transmissions could help educationists exploit the unique instructional potential of television, especially in remote areas of developing countries or where resources are severely limited. The results of a questionnaire survey conducted during a TELETUKS winter school (2002) suggest that limited language skills and the medium of instruction (English)--compounded by the nature and complexities of the medium--are possible reasons why the anticipated learner-presenter interaction remains exceptionally low. This exploratory study also shows that further research in the form of in-depth participant interviews; direct observation of learner participation and content analysis of televised lessons ought to establish the deeper, underlying reasons for low interactivity.
Descriptors: Grade 12, English (Second Language), Language Proficiency, Distance Education, Teacher Student Relationship, Language of Instruction, Foreign Countries, Questionnaires, Computer Assisted Instruction, Content Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 12
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa