ERIC Number: EJ718874
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Oct-1
Reference Count: 50
The Growth of High-Stakes Testing in the USA: Accountability, Markets and the Decline in Educational Equality
British Educational Research Journal, v31 n5 p605-622 Oct 2005
Over the last decade education in the United States has undergone perhaps its most significant transformation. Where in the past public schools have been primarily under the control of the local community, control has shifted to the state and federal levels. Furthermore, state and federal governments have introduced standardized testing and accountability as a means to hold teachers and students responsible. These reforms have been successfully introduced because reform proponents have provided three principal rationales for the reforms: they are necessary within an increasingly globalized economy, they will reduce educational inequality and they will increase assessment objectivity. After describing the reforms implemented in New York and Texas and by the federal government through the "No Child Left Behind" Act, the author discusses a range of evidence that the reforms have not achieved their ostensible goals and that resistance to the reforms is beginning to emerge from US educators and citizens.
Descriptors: Equal Education, High Stakes Tests, Standardized Tests, Federal Government, Accountability, Educational Change, Federal Legislation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York; Texas
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001