ERIC Number: EJ718730
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Reference Count: 7
United States and Cuban Governments' Response to a New International Exchange Program: Lessons Learned
International Journal of Social Education, v19 n1 p104-110 Spr-Sum 2004
For more than forty years the governments of the United States and Cuba have maintained an adversarial relationship toward one another. Much of the negativity is expressed through verbal accusations, but at times there have been several destabilizing and sometimes dangerous actions by one or both governments such as the 1962 Missile Crisis, massive Cuban migration to the United States in the 1970s and 1990s, and the economic embargo. Following the Cuban revolution in 1959, maintaining a hostile and suspicious attitude was policy for successive Republican and Democratic administrations, as well as the Castro regime. While the two governments continued their adversarial relationship, several universities from both nations began establishing academic and scholarly relationships. Decisions by these universities began with the United States Congress passing the 1992 Cuban Democracy Act, which unintentionally encouraged educational exchanges between the United States and Cuba. This slowly forming partnership has allowed people who would not ordinarily be working with each other to come together on this project. The purpose of this article is to highlight some important events that took place during the 1990s allowing American universities to develop partnerships with Cuban universities. In addition, it will provide a description of how a United States university established such a relationship by bringing a well-known Cuban scholar to its campus. Finally, the article will identify what was learned from this experience and what the future holds for the relationship.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Latin Americans, Exchange Programs, Democracy, Partnerships in Education, Foreign Policy, Universities, Federal Legislation
International Journal of Social Education, Department of History-BB209, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306. Tel: 765-285-8621; Fax: 765-285-5612.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Cuba; United States