ERIC Number: EJ718258
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Sep
Reference Count: 44
Grade-Level Invariance of a Theoretical Causal Structure Predicting Reading Comprehension with Vocabulary and Oral Reading Fluency
Yovanoff, Paul; Duesbery, Luke; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, v24 n3 p4-12 Sep 2005
This research investigates the relative importance of vocabulary and oral reading fluency as measurement dimensions of reading comprehension as the student passes from elementary to high school. Invariance of this model over grades 4 through 8 is tested using two independent student samples reading grade-level appropriate passages. Results from structural equation modeling indicate that the model is not invariant across grade levels. Vocabulary knowledge is a significant and constant predictor of overall reading comprehension irrespective of grade level. While significant, fluency effects diminish over grades, especially in the later grades. Lack of grade level invariance was obtained with both samples. Results are discussed in light of vertically linked reading assessments, adequate yearly progress, and instruction.
Descriptors: Grade 4, Educational Improvement, Vocabulary Development, Structural Equation Models, Reading Comprehension, Grades (Scholastic), Reading Fluency, Oral Reading, Instructional Program Divisions
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 4; Grade 5; Grade 6; Grade 7; Grade 8
Authoring Institution: N/A