ERIC Number: EJ718250
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jun
Reference Count: 77
Three Options Are Optimal for Multiple-Choice Items: A Meta-Analysis of 80 Years of Research
Rodriguez, Michael C.
Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, v24 n2 p3-13 Jun 2005
Multiple-choice items are a mainstay of achievement testing. The need to adequately cover the content domain to certify achievement proficiency by producing meaningful precise scores requires many high-quality items. More 3-option items can be administered than 4- or 5-option items per testing time while improving content coverage, without detrimental effects on psychometric quality of test scores. Researchers have endorsed 3-option items for over 80 years with empirical evidence -- the results of which have been synthesized in an effort to unify this endorsement and encourage its adoption.
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Testing, Scores, Test Construction, Multiple Choice Tests, Achievement Tests
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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