ERIC Number: EJ718209
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: 48
The Mother-Infant Relationship and Infant Attachment in a South African Peri-Urban Settlement
Tomlinson, Mark; Cooper, Peter; Murray, Lynne
Child Development, v76 n5 p1044-1054 Sep-Oct 2005
A sample of 147 mother-infant dyads was recruited from a peri-urban settlement outside Cape Town and seen at 2- and 18-months postpartum. At 18 months, 61.9% of the infants were rated as securely attached (B); 4.1% as avoidant (A); 8.2% as resistant (C); and 25.8% disorganized (D). Postpartum depression at 2 months, and indices of poor parenting at both 2 and 18 months, were associated with insecure infant attachment. The critical 2-month predictor variables for insecure infant attachment were maternal intrusiveness and maternal remoteness, and early maternal depression. When concurrent maternal sensitivity was considered, the quality of the early mother-infant relationship remained important, but maternal depression was no longer predictive. Cross-cultural differences and consistencies in the development of attachment are discussed.
Descriptors: Infants, Predictor Variables, Depression (Psychology), Attachment Behavior, Parent Child Relationship, Mothers, Urban Areas, Foreign Countries, Parenting Styles, Cultural Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa (Cape Town)