ERIC Number: EJ718207
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: 43
Attachment in Institutionalized and Community Children in Romania
Zeanah, Charles H.; Smyke, Anna T.; Koga, Sebastian F.; Carlson, Elizabeth
Child Development, v76 n5 p1015-1028 Sep-Oct 2005
This study examined attachment in institutionalized and community children 12-31 months of age in Bucharest, Romania. Attachment was assessed using ratings of attachment behaviors and ratings of caregiver descriptions in a structured interview. As predicted, children raised in institutions exhibited serious disturbances of attachment as assessed by all methods. Observed quality of caregiving was related to formation and organization of attachment in children living in institutions. These results held even when other variables, such as cognitive level, perceived competence, and quantitative interaction ratings, were controlled for. Ratings of attachment behavior in the Strange Situation and caregiver reports of signs of Reactive Attachment Disorder converged moderately. The implications of these findings for different perspectives on attachment are discussed.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Caregivers, Attachment Behavior, Young Children, Institutionalized Persons, Child Development, Caregiver Child Relationship
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Romania