ERIC Number: EJ718035
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Oct
Reference Count: 61
Sexual Abuse in Childhood and Interpersonal Violence in Adulthood: A Cumulative Impact on Depressive Symptoms in Women
McGuigan, William M.; Middlemiss, Wendy
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, v20 n10 p1271-1287 Oct 2005
This study investigates the cumulative impact of sexual abuse in childhood and adult interpersonal violence in the past year on depressive symptoms in a nonclinical sample of 265 primarily African American (74%) women. The frequency of depressive symptoms, measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), was highest for women who experienced both forms of victimization. Women who reported greater stress over life's daily hassles reported more depressive symptoms. Women with higher levels of family support and a sense of personal mastery reported fewer depressive symptoms. The final model explained 42% of the variance in CES-D scores. Implications for practitioners are discussed.
Descriptors: Females, Sexual Abuse, Family Influence, Children, Depression (Psychology), Family Violence, Adults, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), African Americans, Victims of Crime, Stress Variables, Coping
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale