ERIC Number: EJ718034
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Oct
Reference Count: 77
Age at First Sexual Assault and Current Substance Use and Depression
Kaukinen, Catherine; Demaris, Alfred
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, v20 n10 p1244-1270 Oct 2005
This article explores how the association between sexual violence and substance use and mental health differs by race and life course stage. Analyses are based on data (n = 8,000) from the Violence and Threats of Violence against Women and Men in the United States Survey, 1994-1996 (NVAWS). Although sexual violence does not heighten the risk of problem drinking for White women, minority women victimized in adulthood are significantly more likely to engage in problem drinking and use illicit drugs. This suggests that for minority women the effects of recent victimization experiences result in immediate and potentially long-lasting consequences. The findings with respect to the association between sexual violence and depression are consistent with the child and adolescent development literature. It is Hispanic women who are more likely to suffer depression as a consequence of child sexual assault.
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Violence, Sexual Harassment, Depression (Psychology), Substance Abuse, Adolescent Development, Sexual Abuse, Age Differences, Victims of Crime
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States