ERIC Number: EJ717880
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Sep
Reference Count: 59
Gender and Achievement: What Have Exams Got to Do with It?
Oxford Review of Education, v31 n3 p373-393 Sep 2005
This paper argues that examinations have a complex role in creating and defining gender differences in performance in public examinations. To illustrate this argument three aspects of examining are reviewed: styles of examinations and how they define achievement; coursework and the role it plays in contributing to gender differences in performance; and tiered entry systems in examinations and how they provide unequal opportunities for boys and girls to be successful. It presents the context in which research into gender, achievement and examining is now located by initially reviewing the recent media hype around gender and achievement. It then takes an historical look at gender and achievement and goes on to describe new gender stereotypes that influence current understandings of boys' and girls' achievement. There is much information that is "hidden" behind examination results as they are commonly reported. This hidden information has more to do with how differences in performance are obtained, how subjects are assessed and how we choose to assess students. How all this interacts with students' perceptions and expectations alongside those of their teachers must impact on how boys and girls perform in examinations. This "hidden" information has vital implications for whom we perceive to be under or overachieving.
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Sex Stereotypes, Overachievement, Gender Differences, Foreign Countries, Student Evaluation, Equal Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom