ERIC Number: EJ717875
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Sep-1
Reference Count: 24
Play Behaviour of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Holmes, Elizabeth; Willoughby, Teena
Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, v30 n3 p156-164 Sep 2005
Background: We investigated the play behaviours of children with autism. Cognitive and social levels of play engaged in by 4- to 8-year-old children with autism spectrum disorders were examined in naturalistic classroom settings. In addition, play at home was compared with play at school via mother and educator questionnaires. Method: Seventeen school-aged children, their educators, and their mothers participated in the study. Each participant was observed for one free play session on 5 separate days. Results: The most frequently observed play behaviours included parallel-functional play, adult interactions, and solitary-functional play. Mothers and educators did not differ significantly in their perspectives of the participants' play behaviours. In general, educators' and mothers' reports were positively related to researcher observations of participants' play behaviours. Conclusions: This study provides baseline data for future research on the play behaviours of children with autism spectrum disorders. Methodological considerations and practical implications of the findings are discussed.
Descriptors: Play, Mothers, Autism, Young Children, Questionnaires, Foreign Countries, Cognitive Ability
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada