ERIC Number: EJ709880
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: 66
The Channeling of Student Competition in Higher Education: Comparing Canada and the U.S.
Davies, Scott; Hammack, Floyd M.
Journal of Higher Education, v76 n1 p89 Jan-Feb 2005
The past decade has witnessed a sea change in ideologies about higher education in North America and in many countries beyond. Canadians and Americans increasingly believe that an emerging "knowledge economy" is demanding skills than can be acquired only with a post secondary education. In the United States, a "college for all" ethos has emerged, while Canada is witnessing a revolution of educational expectations. New forms of competition are having different effects on national systems of postsecondary education. The purpose of this article is twofold. First, it compares how this competition occurs in Canada versus the United States, focusing on undergraduates, who comprise the vast bulk of students. To attain the most valued credentials, students and parents are adopting a variety of competitive strategies. While Canadian and American students are experiencing very similar pressures and are enrolling in higher education at similar rates, their responses to the new competition differ. Whereas students in the U.S. compete for access to elite colleges, students in Canada compete for elite majors. Where one studies is seen as more important in the U.S.; what one studies dominates in Canada. Second, the article traces the source of these different forms of competition.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, North Americans, Ideology, Academic Aspiration, Higher Education, College Students, Comparative Analysis, College Choice, Competition, Majors (Students), Educational Attainment
Ohio State University Press, 180 Pressey Hall, 1070 Carmack Road, Columbus, OH 43210-1002. Web site: http://www.ohiostatepress.org.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; United States