ERIC Number: EJ709587
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Mar
Reference Count: 55
Teacher Reports of Social Behavior and Peer Acceptance in Early Childhood: Sex and Social Status Differences
Child Study Journal, v34 n1 p13 Mar 2004
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between sex, social status and social behavior in a sample of Australian preschool-aged children. Social behavior has emerged as an important predictor of social status for children in middle childhood however, although early childhood may be an optimum period for implementation of intervention programs, little is known about the correlates of social status in the preschool years. Additionally, relatively little research has addressed the issue of sex differences in the factors that are associated with peer social status. Sociometric interviews were conducted with 182 children (92 boys and 90 girls) 4 to 5 years of age (mean age 62.4 months). Status groups of popular, rejected, neglected, controversial and average children were identified according to criteria established in previous research. Teachers provided an assessment of children's social behavior, peer group entry skills and conflict resolution skills. Results indicated that rejected children were less likely to engage in prosocial cooperative behavior than any other status group. Rejected children were also rated as less successful overall than other groups in their group entry attempts, but were not more likely to display aggressive or disruptive behavior. Teachers rated boys as more aggressive than girls and more likely to use aggressive or disruptive strategies in group entry and conflict resolution. Results are discussed in terms of the relevance of particular behavioral characteristics and social skills to successful social functioning for preschool-aged boys and girls.
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Social Behavior, Gender Differences, Peer Acceptance, Young Children, Social Status, Emotional Development, Conflict Resolution, Foreign Countries, Preschool Children
State University of NY College at Buffalo, Applied Science and Education, 1300 Elmwood Ave., Buffalo, NY 14222. Web site: http://www.stepfam.org/index.htm.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia