ERIC Number: EJ708661
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Sep-22
Reference Count: 48
Preschool Children's Pitch-Matching Accuracy in Relation to Participation in Cantonese-Immersion Preschools
Trollinger, Valerie L.
Journal of Research in Music Education, v52 n3 p218 Fall 2004
This study is an investigation of the degree to which preschool children enrolled in Cantonese-immersion preschools in three areas of the United States differed from their monolingual counterparts in pitch-matching accuracy. In a 2003 study, the author found that in monolingual American English-speaking children, pitch-matching accuracy was most significantly predicted by the mean speech frequency of the voice, speech range, and age. In the present study, 20 children from the first study were matched solely by age and sex to 20 immersion children (N = 40). Results indicated that participation in the Cantonese-immersion programs most significantly affected overall pitch-matching accuracy (p [is less than] . 001), with age as the strongest predictor of singing the lower notes in the study (p =. 04). Implications of these findings in relation to physiological vocal development and vocal use are also discussed.
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Comparative Analysis, Second Language Learning, Bilingualism, Monolingualism, Immersion Programs, Sino Tibetan Languages, Singing, Intonation, Age, Music Education
MENC Subscription Office, P.O. Box 1584, Birmingham, AL 35201. Web site: http://www.menc.org.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States