ERIC Number: EJ708525
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Reference Count: N/A
Sudan Genocide Declaration Stirs the World
Social Education, v68 n7 p444 Nov-Dec 2004
One week after Secretary of State Colin Powell declared that the killings, rapes and other atrocities committed in Darfur amount to "genocide," in mid-September the United Nations' World Health Organization issued new figures saying 6,000 to 10,000 people are dying per month there in one of Africa's worst humanitarian crises. Powell had based his finding on a State Department survey of 1,136 refugees living in neighboring Chad. He determined that "the government of Sudan and the Janjaweed bear responsibility, and genocide may still be occurring." The Sudanese government claimed that Powell's statement was "flawed, regrettable and dismaying." The government claimed the report was "based on partial observations by an American team that had never set foot in Darfur and interviewed politicized refugees in Eastern Chad."What is Genocide and Why is it Significant? The word genocide came out of the violence of World War II and recalls the Nazi attempt to systematically eliminate the Jewish people in the Holocaust. The official definition is the intentional destruction of a national, ethical, religious, or racial group. In 1948, the United Nations General Assembly gave genocide a legal definition in the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. Historically, many heads of state have been hesitant to use the label "genocide," as doing so would make them legally obliged to act to "prevent and punish" the perpetrators. This article and discussion question have been adapted from a PBS NewsHour Extra feature story and related lesson plan.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, War, Refugees, Death, International Cooperation, Violence, Social Studies, Lesson Plans, Reading Comprehension, Teaching Methods, Jews
National Science Teachers Association, 1840 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22201-3000. Web site: http://www.nsta.org.
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sudan