ERIC Number: EJ706061
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Aug-1
Reference Count: 32
School Incentive Programs and Children's Activities: The Case of Bangladesh
Arends-Kuenning, Mary; Amin, Sajeda
Comparative Education Review, v48 n3 p295 Aug 2004
To examine the impact of school incentive programs on children's time allocation, this article reports the authors' investigation of time-use data collected in two Bangladeshi villages in 1992, 1995, and 1996; in-depth interviews conducted in 1995; responses to two village censuses collected in 1992 and 1995; and data from an education survey conducted in 1996. The time-use data, which were collected by questioning respondents about the previous day's activities, illuminate children's time allocation in greater detail than do studies that define child labor based on household survey questions asking about each child's normal activity in the previous week. The time-use data were collected before and after the schooling incentive programs started in 1994, providing a natural experiment. This article addresses three main research questions: (1) How do the school incentive programs affect the amount of time that children spend studying and attending school, and do the effects differ by gender and age group? (2) Do school incentive programs reduce children's time spent working in agriculture, in housework, and in wage work? and (3) Do married girls spend more time working in response to the increased time their unmarried sisters-in-law spend in school? Indirectly, it also illuminates a fourth area of interest: whether children attended school merely to receive the economic rewards for doing so.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Incentives, Attendance, Interviews, Child Labor, Time Management, Census Figures, Age Differences, Gender Differences, Comparative Education, Educational Attainment
University of Chicago Press, Journals Division, P.O. Box 37005, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 773-753-3347; Web site: http://www.journal.uchicago.edu; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Bangladesh