ERIC Number: EJ705511
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Jun-22
Reference Count: 28
An Analysis of Vibrato among High School and University Violin and Cello Students
Geringer, John M.; Allen, Michael L.
Journal of Research in Music Education, v52 n2 p167 Sum 2004
The purpose of this study was to investigate vibrato performance of university student and high school string players. Forty violinists and cellists performed an eight-measure passage both with and without vibrato. Analyses indicated that the mean rate of vibrato was approximately 5.5 Hz, with no significant differences between instruments or performer experience level. The mean width of violin vibratos was larger than cello vibratos. Violinists' mean pitch levels were sharper than cellists' in both vibrato and nonvibrato performances. Analysis of intonation patterns within the duration of tones showed that performers were more stable when using vibrato. University players tended to become sharper during both vibrated and nonvibrated tones compared to the younger players. Pitch oscillations during vibrato were alternations both above and below conceived pitch, rather than oscillations only above or only below the conceived pitch.
Descriptors: Musical Instruments, Intonation, Music Education, College Students, High School Students, Comparative Analysis, Music
MENC Subscription Office, P.O. Box 1584, Birmingham, AL 35201. Web site: http://www.menc.org.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iowa