ERIC Number: EJ701866
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Cross-Cultural Comparison of American and Finnish College Students' Exercise Behavior Using Transtheoretical Model Constructs
Cardinal, Bradley J.; Tuominen, Kaisa J.; Rintala, Pauli
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v75 n1 p92-101 Mar 2004
Although the benefits of exercise are well documented, an international problem of physical inactivity exists. More research, especially theory based, has been recommended. One promising approach for studying exercise behavior is that proposed in the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of behavior change. This model, however; has received minimal cross-cultural attention and, relative to the current study, measurement instruments have only recently been translated into the Finnish language. The purpose of this study was to assess American and Finnish college students' exercise behaviors on the basis of TTM. Participants were American (n = 169) and Finnish (n = 168) college students who completed language-specific measures of exercise behavior; stage of change, processes of change, decisional balance self-efficacy, and temptation. The only cultural difference observed was that the American participants rated themselves higher on barrier self-efficacy relative to the Finnish participants. Regardless of nationality or gender, participants classified by their stage of change differed on all the core constructs assessed. These results generally support the utility of TTM for understanding American and Finnish college students' exercise behavior.
Descriptors: College Students, Behavior Modification, Self Efficacy, Behavior Change, Exercise, Cross Cultural Studies, Comparative Analysis, Finno Ugric Languages, Measures (Individuals), Cultural Differences
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 1900 Association Dr., Reston, VA 20191-1598. Web site: http://www.aahperd.org.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland; United States