ERIC Number: EJ700929
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Reference Count: N/A
Order of Argument in the Case Brown v. Board of Education
Chism, Kahlil; Potter, Lee Ann
Social Education, v68 n1 p26 Jan-Feb 2004
The Supreme Court's opinion in the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education case legally ended decades of racial segregation in America's public schools. Originally named after Oliver Brown, the first of many plaintiffs listed in the lower court case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KS, the landmark decision actually resolved five separate segregation cases from four states and the District of Columbia consolidated under the name Brown v. Board of Education. While the attorneys originally argued the cases on appeal to the Court in 1952, the featured document, School Segregation Cases--Order of Argument, offers a window into the three days in December 1953 during which they reargued the cases. A reargument was necessary because the Court desired briefs from both sides in answer to five questions, all pertaining to the attorneys' opinions on whether or not Congress had segregation in public schools in mind when the 14th Amendment was ratified. The document lists the names of each case, the states from which they came, the order in which the Court heard them, the names of the attorneys for the appellants and appellees, the total time allotted for arguments, and the dates over which the arguments took place.
Descriptors: Boards of Education, African American Students, School Segregation, Racial Segregation, Public Schools, Court Litigation, Desegregation Litigation, School Desegregation, Social Studies
National Science Teachers Association, 1840 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22201-3000. Web site: http://www.nsta.org.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kansas
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Fifth Amendment; Fourteenth Amendment