ERIC Number: EJ699666
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jun
Reference Count: 56
The Effects of a Family Fitness Program on the Physical Activity and Nutrition Behaviors of Third-Grade Children
Hopper, Chris A.; Munoz, Kathy D.; Gruber, Mary B.; Nguyen, Kim P.
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v76 n2 p130-139 Jun 2005
This study examined the efficacy of a school-based exercise and nutrition program with a parent component. Third-grade children (N = 238) from six elementary schools participated in the study, with three schools randomly assigned to a program group and the other three schools to a control group. The program group received a health-related fitness school-based program and a home program that required parents and children to complete activities and earn points for nutrition and exercise activities. The control group received their traditional physical education and nutrition education program. Univariate analysis of variance on pre- and posttest scores were completed on the following variables: height, weight, body mass index, skinfold, blood cholesterol, mile run, exercise and nutrition knowledge, calories, protein, carbohydrates, total fat, saturated fat, dietary cholesterol, fiber, sodium, percentage of calories from carbohydrates, and percentage of calories from fat. At pretest, the treatment and control groups did not significantly differ on the measures using schools as the unit of analysis. Girls scored significantly higher than boys on skinfold and pretest knowledge. At posttest, the treatment group scored significantly higher than the control group on exercise and nutrition knowledge and significantly lower than the control group on total fat intake, using schools as the unit of analysis. There was no improvement in physiological measures, including blood cholesterol. The study demonstrated that schools can adjust curriculum to meet some health needs of students and achieve modest changes in exercise and nutrition knowledge and diet. The family component of the program provided a practical approach to improving physical activity and nutrition behaviors for elementary school teachers who teach many participants in a crowded curriculum.
Descriptors: Pretests Posttests, Eating Habits, Nutrition Instruction, Parent Participation, Elementary School Students, Home Programs, Grade 3, Physical Fitness, Physical Education, Health Promotion, Program Effectiveness, Knowledge Level
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 1900 Association Dr., Reston, VA 20191-1598. Web site: http://www.aahperd.org.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 3
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States