ERIC Number: EJ699282
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jan-1
Inclusion of Religious Behaviors and Attitudes in Counseling: Expectations of Conservative Christians
Belaire, Christine; Young, J. Scott; Elder, Anastasia
Counseling and Values, v49 n2 p82 Jan 2005
Although conservative Christians have been shown to have rates of mental health problems comparable with the general population (King, 1978), research has found that conservative Christians hesitate to seek counseling from a counselor who does not label him- or herself a "Christian counselor" and often drop out of counseling early when they work with a secular counselor (i.e., one not labeled a Christian counselor; King, 1978; Larson, Donahue, Lyons, & Benson, 1989; Lovinger, 1979; Worthington, 1988). Furthermore, conservative Christians often lack confidence in professional counselors (Miller & Eells, 1998) and tend to be underserved by professional counselors in many traditional settings (Larson et al., 1989; Worthington, 1988). What is less clear is the nature of the barriers that prevent conservative Christians from fully using counseling services. In this study of 118 religiously conservative Christians' expectations of counseling, participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 treatment conditions: a Christian counselor or a counselor whose religious beliefs were unknown. Participants rated their expectations for the counselor's attitude toward their religious beliefs and use of religious behaviors in counseling using the Behavior and Attitude Expectancies scale (C. Belaire & J S. Young, 2002). Participants also rated their general expectations for counseling using the Expectations About Counseling: Brief Form (H. E, A, Tinsley, 1985), Results showed that participants expected both a Christian counselor and a counselor whose religious beliefs were unknown to be respectful and accepting of conservative Christian religious beliefs and values and to include multiple religious behaviors in counseling sessions Participants had overall positive expectations of the counseling process.
Descriptors: Religious Factors, Counselors, Christianity, Counseling Techniques, Expectation, Counselor Attitudes, Beliefs, Attitude Measures, Counselor Client Relationship, Counseling Psychology
American Counseling Association, 5999 Stevenson Ave., Alexandria, VA 22304. Web site: http://www.counseling.org.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States