ERIC Number: EJ698621
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Teenagers' Attitudes about Coping Strategies and Help-Seeking Behavior for Suicidality
Gould, Madelyn S.; Velting, Drew; Kleinman, Marjorie; Lucas, Christopher; Thomas, John Graham; Chung, Michelle
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, v43 n9 p1124 Sep 2004
Objective: To identify youths' attitudes about coping and help-seeking strategies for suicidal ideation/behavior and examine their demographic and clinical correlates. Method: A self-report survey was completed by high school students (N = 2,419) in six New York State schools from 1998 through 2001. The relationship between suicide attitudes and gender, depression, substance problems, serious suicidal ideation/behavior, and first-hand experience with a suicidal peer was examined. Results: Two factors that approximate avoidance and approach coping responses, maladaptive coping strategies and help-seeking strategies, respectively, were identified. Boys scored higher than girls (t = 7.96, df = 2341, p less than .001), and depressed youths (t = 15.56, df = 2323, p less than .001), students with substance problems (t = 11.07, df = 2340, p less than .001), and suicidal youths (t = 15.14, df = 2341, p less than .001) scored significantly higher than their healthy counterparts on the maladaptive coping strategies factor. Students with first-hand experience with a suicidal peer scored significantly higher on the maladaptive coping strategies factor than those without this experience (t = 7.95, df = 2321, p less than .001). Lower risk groups scored significantly higher on an adaptive help-seeking strategies factor. Conclusions: High-risk adolescents' attitudes are characterized by core beliefs that support the use of maladaptive coping strategies in response to depression and suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Targeting such attitudes is a recommended component of youth suicide prevention efforts.
Descriptors: Prevention, Suicide, Depression (Psychology), Coping, Adolescents, Attitude Measures, Help Seeking, High School Students, Gender Differences, Substance Abuse, Peer Influence, Student Attitudes
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, P.O. Box 1620, Hagerstown, MD 21741. Tel: 800-638-3030 (Toll Free); Fax: 301-223-2400.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York