ERIC Number: EJ698299
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of Institution and Home Contexts in Theory of Mind Development
Yagmurlu, B.; Berument, S.K.; Celimli, S.
Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology: An International Lifespan Journal, v26 n5 p521-537 Sep 2005
To investigate the role of early context in theory of mind development, institutionalized children living in a boarding home (n = 34) in Turkey were compared to home-reared children coming from low (n = 32) and middle socioeconomic backgrounds (n = 44). Theory of mind was assessed with one deception and three false belief tasks; Peabody PVT and Raven CPM were administered to control for language and nonverbal intelligence. Results indicated a context effect whereby home-reared children performed better than institution-reared children on theory of mind tasks. Hierarchical regression analysis further revealed that institution rearing/adult-child ratio predicted theory of mind performance even after age, socioeconomic background, language and nonverbal intelligence were accounted for. Findings suggest the significance of adult-child interaction for theory of mind development.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Context Effect, Socioeconomic Background, Housing, Nonverbal Ability, Intelligence, Cognitive Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Progressive Matrices