ERIC Number: EJ698217
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
A Meta-Analysis of the Relationship of Child Sexual Abuse to HIV Risk Behavior among Women
Arriola, K.R.J.; Louden, T.; Doldren, M.A.; Fortenberry, R.M.
Child Abuse and Neglect: The International Journal, v29 n6 p725-746 Jun 2005
Objective:: This study is a meta-analysis of the literature exploring the relationship between child sexual abuse (CSA) and HIV risk behavior among women. Four outcome variables were tested: unprotected sex; sex with multiple partners; sex trading; and adult sexual revictimization. Method:: Forty-six studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the analysis, and separate meta-analyses were performed for each of the four dependent variables described above. Results:: Using the correlation coefficient r as an effect size estimate, results indicate an average effect size of .05 for the unprotected sex meta-analysis (N=16 studies), .13 for the sex with multiple partners meta-analysis (N=23 studies), .12 for the sex trading meta-analysis (N=23 studies), and .17 for the adult sexual revictimization meta-analysis (N=21 studies). We conducted a test of three potential moderator variables (source of sample, definition of CSA based on type of contact, and definition of CSA based on maximum age of victim). Results did not support the hypothesis that these three variables explain a significant amount of variability in effect sizes with one exception: Studies that define CSA more broadly to include adolescent victims (e.g., victims up to 17 years of age) had larger and more homogenous effect sizes for the sex trading meta-analysis than those that defined CSA as having occurred at younger ages. Conclusions:: These findings suggest a small positive relationship between CSA and subsequent HIV risk behavior among women that varies as a function of how CSA and HIV risk behavior are operationalized.
Descriptors: Females, Sexual Abuse, Effect Size, Correlation, Child Abuse, Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A