ERIC Number: EJ698045
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jan
Education, Underdevelopment, Unnecessary War and Human Security in Kosovo/Kosova
International Journal of Educational Development, v25 n1 p69-84 Jan 2005
This paper examines educational linkages to persistent conflicts and contemporary security challenges in Kosovo. It reviews some historic foundations, debates and socioeconomic contexts concerning education as a security issue. It argues that poverty and underdevelopment coupled with failed diplomacy (particularly surrounding a 1996 ''Education Accord'')-with inappropriate militarized responses to disputes amidst broader and chronic lack of attention to education concerns-contributed to human rights abuses, violent civil conflict and a major war in 1999. Without justifying violence on either side, the paper shows how both Albanians and Serbs were both responsible for abuses in different periods while education was a contributing factor. The paper further discusses how education has (problematically) been part of the human security building and ''reconstruction'' process after NATO 1999 while many issues that led to international military intervention remain unresolved some 5 years later. It closes with some reflections on post-war or ''post-conflict'' education dilemmas, cooperation imperatives and new research challenges for Kosovo.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, International Relations, Civil Rights, War, Role of Education, Educational History, National Security, Poverty, Violence
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kosovo