ERIC Number: EJ697535
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Does One Size Fit All? University Differences in the Influence of Wages, Financial Aid, and Integration on Student Retention
Kerkvliet, J.; Nowell, C.
Economics of Education Review, v24 n1 p85-95 Feb 2005
We develop and empirically implement a model of university student retention using opportunity cost, financial aid, academic and social integration, and students' background explanatory variables. For one year, we tracked students from Weber State University (WSU) and Oregon State University (OSU) to learn whether they remained enrolled for 0, 1, 2, or 3 quarters. We use negative binomial and Poisson distributions to empirically model the observed enrollment decisions. We make four interesting empirical findings. First, opportunity costs influence retention, but the effects differ by university. At WSU, an undergraduate, commuter university, we find students substitute wage labor for enrollment. At OSU, a Research I university, the effect is non-linear, but on average, higher wages encourage retention. Second, we find no evidence that efforts to increase academic integration through increased advising and mentoring are effective. Third, the effects of financial aid differ by university and are sometimes negative. At OSU, work-study financial aid encourages retention, while grants do not. At WSU, grants support retention, but VA assistance does not. Finally, we find that students' future intentions for re-enrollment are a major determinant of re-enrollment at WSU, but not OSU. This may reflect the ancillary role that WSU plays in many of its students' career and academic plans.
Elsevier Customer Service Department, 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126 (Toll Free); Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: email@example.com.
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Oregon