ERIC Number: EJ697407
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: N/A
Early Impacts of Moving from Poor to Middle-Class Neighborhoods on Low-Income Youth
Fauth, Rebecca C.; Leventhal, Tama; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne
Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology: An International Lifespan Journal, v26 n4 p415-439 Jul-Aug 2005
This study reports early impacts on youth's outcomes from the Yonkers Project, a quasi-experimental study in which low-income Black and Latino families who resided in economically and racially segregated neighborhoods were selected via lottery to relocate to middle-class, primarily White neighborhoods. Youth 8-18 years old who moved (n=147) as well as a demographically similar group of youth who remained in the original neighborhoods (n=114) responded to surveys focusing on a range of outcomes administered approximately 2 years following relocation. Results of multiple regression analyses revealed that 8-18-year-old youth who moved to middle-income neighborhoods experienced less victimization, disorder, and access to illegal substances relative to those who remained in high-poverty neighborhoods. Among 8-9-year-old youth, those who moved from high- to low-poverty neighborhoods reported fewer behavior and family relationship problems and less delinquency than their counterparts who did not move. A reversal of this trend was found among older youth, 16-18 years of age, with mover youth experiencing more problems relative to stayer youth. Few program effects were found for 10-15-year-old youth. Residential moves of this sort may be most effective for families with younger children.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York