ERIC Number: EJ697042
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Mar-1
Reference Count: N/A
Factors Associated with Undertreatment of Medical Student Depression.
Tjia, Jennifer; Givens, Jane L.; Shea, Judy A.
Journal of American College Health, v53 n5 p219 Mar 2005
The authors measured factors associated with undertreatment of medical students' depression. They administered a cross-sectional Beck Depression Inventory and sociodemographic questionnaire to students at 1 medical school, defining their outcome measure as the use of counseling services or antidepressant medication. Of an estimated 450 available student participants in the study, 322 (71.6%) completed the questionnaire. Forty-nine students (15.2%) were classified as depressed and 10 (20.4%) reported experiencing suicidal ideation during medical school, but only 13 (26.5%) of the depressed students reported treatment. The researchers observed no difference in treatment by year in school, completion of psychiatric requirement, race, or depression severity. Treatment for depression was significantly associated with older age and personal and family histories of depression. Despite the availability of effective medications and confidential mental health services, medical students with depression are undertreated. The authors' findings support the need for targeted messages to help medical students recognize their depression and refer themselves for appropriate treatment.Key Words: antidepressant medication, depression, medical student, mental health services, undertreatment
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Health Services, Suicide, Mental Health Programs, Medical Schools, Medical Students, Mental Health, Counseling Services, Depression (Psychology)
Heldref Publications, Helen Dwight Reid Educational Foundation, 1319 Eighteenth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036-1802. Web site: http://www.heldref.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Beck Depression Inventory