ERIC Number: EJ697019
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: N/A
Alcohol Use and Depression among African-American and Caucasian Adolescents
Maag, John W.; Irvin, Deborah M.
Adolescence San Diego, v40 n157 p87 Spr 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine differences in reported alcohol use and depressive symptomatology among a sample of 524 African-American and Caucasian adolescents. Of specific interest was determining if ethnicity, gender, and age predicted severity of scores obtained on the Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale (RADS) and Adolescent Drinking Index (ADI). Extreme groups were formed using upper (greater than 75%) and lower (less than 25%) quartiles. Three other groups were formed using each instrument's normatively derived cutoff scores: depressed only (RADS greater than 77), heavy drinking (ADI greater than 16) and mixed (RADS greater than 77, ADI greater than16). Several results were obtained. First, Caucasians obtained significantly higher scores on the ADI than African-Americans, although no differences were obtained for the RADS. Females scored higher on the RADS but lower on the ADI than males. In terms of extreme scores, females were less likely to belong to the severe depression group, while older adolescents in general and African-Americans in particular had a greater probability of belonging to the heavy-drinking group. Finally, using RADS and ADI cutoff scores, females were less likely than males to belong to the depression only group as were African-Americans. Older adolescents, in general, and African-Americans in particular had a greater probability of belonging to the mixed group than did their counterparts.
Descriptors: Age Differences, Predictor Variables, African Americans, Adolescents, Whites, Drinking, Depression (Psychology), Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Alcohol Abuse
Libra Publishers, 3089C Clairemont Drive, Suite 383, San Diego, CA 92117. Web site: http://www.abe.pl/html/english/detailsj.php?id=0001-8449
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A