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ERIC Number: EJ697008
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Apr
Pages: 9
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0016-9013
Cognitive Impairment as a Strong Predictor of Incident Disability in Specific Adl-Iadl Tasks among Community-Dwelling Elders: The Azuchi Study
Dodge, Hiroko H.; Kadowaki, Takashi; Hayakawa, Takehito; Yamakawa, Masanobu; Sekikawa, Akira; Ueshima, Hirotugu
Gerontologist, v45 n2 p222 Apr 2005
Purpose: We examined differential effects of cognitive impairment on each of the activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) tasks. Design and Methods: In a 3-year follow-up of community-dwelling elderly persons in Azuchi, Japan, we assessed cognition by using the Hasegawa Dementia Scale. We examined (a) the cross-sectional association between cognitive impairment and functional disability in each ADL-IADL item; (b) cognitive impairment as a risk factor for incident disability in each ADL-IADL item, through logistic regression models; and (c) probabilities of incident loss of ADL-IADL abilities or death in 3 years, using multinomial logistic regression models. We also calculated the population attributable risk (PAR%) of cognitive impairment on incident loss of task-specific ADL-IADL abilities. Results: Cross-sectionally, the severity of cognitive impairment was associated with disability in each ADL-IADL task, with larger effects shown for ADL items. Longitudinally, minimally or mildly cognitively impaired individuals had a significantly higher risk of losing functional abilities compared with those with intact cognition. The PAR% indicated that cognitive impairment accounts for 11% to 36% of incident disability in ADL-IADL tasks, with the highest PAR% shown for the ability to feed oneself. Implications: Cognitively impaired subjects are heterogeneous; the severity of cognitive impairment has a different impact on incident loss of task-specific ADL-IADL abilities, and comorbidities could affect disabilities differently. Consideration of these heterogeneities will enrich future studies on the impact of cognitive impairment on ADL-IADL abilities.Key Words: Hasegawa Dementia Scale, ADL, IADL, Population attributable risk, Caregiving needs
Gerontological Society of America, 1030 15th Street, NW, Suite 250, Washington, DC 20005-1503. Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan