ERIC Number: EJ696931
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Gender Differences among Children with DSM-IV ADHD in Australia
Graetz, Brian W.; Sawyer, Michael G.; Baghurst, Peter
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, v44 n2 p159 Feb 2005
Objective: To examine gender differences among children meeting symptom criteria for DSM-IV attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) identified in a nationally representative sample of Australian children. Method: From 2,404 children aged 6 to 13 years, 225 boys and 99 girls with ADHD symptoms were identified using the parent version of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children and compared on parent reports of children's behavioral problems and impairment. Results: When ADHD types were collapsed into a single group, boys and girls did not differ on core symptoms, comorbidity, and impairment with the exception that girls rated higher on somatic complaints and boys had poorer school functioning. However, gender patterns were found to vary across ADHD type on impairment measures of social problems, schoolwork difficulties, and self-esteem, with boys being generally rated as more impaired in the combined and hyperactive-impulsive groups but equally or less impaired in the inattentive group. Conclusions: The findings suggest the possibility of gender-specific risks associated with high levels of inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms indicating that ADHD subtype membership should be considered when conducting ADHD gender comparisons.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Social Problems, Psychiatry, Females, Males, Gender Differences, Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorders, Children, Behavior Problems, Risk
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, P.O. Box 1620, Hagerstown, MD 21741. Tel: 800-638-3030 (Toll Free); Fax: 301-223-2400.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children