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ERIC Number: EJ696845
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jan
Pages: 22
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0013-5984
State Reform Policies and the Task Textbooks Pose for First-Grade Readers
Hiebert, Elfrieda H.
Elementary School Journal, v105 n3 p245 Jan 2005
Since the late 1980s, reading reform efforts in California and Texas have led to changes in beginning reading textbooks. This article examines the effects of these policies on the task that current (2000/2001) texts pose for beginning readers. I begin by reviewing trends in textbooks over the past 80 years and continue by identifying cognitive and linguistic dimensions of the beginning reading task. These dimensions, such as word repetition, are used to describe the beginning reading task of current and historical textbooks. Analyses showed that 41% of the unique words in current textbooks appear once in 10 consecutive texts. Further, between 1962 and 2000, the number of unique words increased substantially, whereas word repetition was curtailed. One conclusion from these data is that current entry-level first graders are expected to acquire new words at the same pace as exiting second graders.
University of Chicago Press, Journals Division, P.O. Box 37005, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 773-753-3347; Web site:; e-mail:
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: Grade 1
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California; Texas
IES Cited: ED497258