ERIC Number: EJ696620
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Reference Count: N/A
Improving Day-Treatment Services for Adults with Severe Disabilities: A Norm-Referenced Application of Outcome Management
Parsons, Marsha B.; Rollyson, Jeannia H.; Reid, Dennis H.
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, v37 n3 p365 Fall 2004
We evaluated an outcome management program for working with staff to improve the performance of adults with severe disabilities in a congregate day-treatment setting. Initially, observations were conducted of student task involvement and staff distribution of teaching interactions across students in four program sites. Using recent normative data to establish objective goals for student performance, management intervention was warranted in two of the sites. A six-step outcome management program was then implemented in the two sites. The program involved defining desired student and staff outcomes, systematic monitoring of the outcomes, staff training, and supportive and corrective feedback. The outcome management program was accompanied by increases in student on-task behavior and staff distribution of teaching interactions in both sites. The increases brought the levels of on-task behavior above the normative average; on-task behavior was maintained above the baseline average for over 1 year in both sites. These results are discussed in terms of the benefits of relying on normative data for objectively evaluating and improving service delivery systems. Discussion of future research needs focuses on applying the outcome management program to other settings and services for people with disabilities.
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Research Needs, Delivery Systems, Feedback, Developmental Disabilities, Human Services
Department of Applied Behavioral Science, 1000 Sunnyside Ave., KU, Lawrence, KS 66045-2133. Web site: http://seab.envmed.rochester.edu
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A