ERIC Number: EJ696605
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Oct-1
Reference Count: N/A
The Association between Family Factors and Depressive Disorders in Adolescents.
Essau, Cecilia A.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v33 n5 p365 Oct 2004
The main aim of this study was to examine the familial factors (parental psychopathology and attachment to parents) in depressed adolescents. Another aim was to compare level of psychosocial impairment, use of mental health services, suicidal ideation and attempt, and the clinical features of depression (e.g., severity and age of onset) among depressed adolescents with depressed parent(s) with those whose parent(s) do not have any depression. Result showed that the adolescent depression was significantly associated with an elevated rate of having a depressed mother. Perceived level of attachment to parents, as measured using the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment, was significantly lower among depressed adolescents than among adolescents without any psychiatric disorders. Depressed adolescents with depressed parents reported significantly higher suicidal ideation and had more recurrent depressive episodes than depressed adolescents with nondepressed parent(s). Our results imply the importance of shifting our focus from universal programs to family-based prevention and intervention programs for depression.KEY WORDS: familial factors; depression; adolescents; comorbidity.
Descriptors: Psychopathology, Parents, Intervention, Health Services, Adolescents, Suicide, Mental Health Programs, Depression (Psychology)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment