ERIC Number: EJ696525
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Aug-1
Reference Count: N/A
Cost-Effective Prediction of Reading Difficulties.
Heath, Steve M.; Hogben, John H.
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v47 n4 p751 Aug 2004
This study addressed 2 questions: (a) Can preschoolers who will fail at reading be more efficiently identified by targeting those at highest risk for reading problems? and (b) will auditory temporal processing (ATP) improve the accuracy of identification derived from phonological processing and oral language ability? A sample of 227 preschoolers was screened for Performance IQ and was tested on phonological awareness (PA). The upper and lower quartiles of the PA distribution were selected as being at lowest and highest risk, respectively, for reading failure. Children with good and poor PA were tested on ATP, phonological short-term memory, rapid automatized naming, oral language, receptive vocabulary, and 2 measures of listening comprehension. Reading outcomes were measured at the end of Year 2. Only 1 child in the good-PA group became a poor reader by the end of Year 2, confirming that being in the top quartile for PA predicts positive reading outcomes. Discriminant analysis using the authors' test battery within the poor-PA group identified poor readers with sensitivity of .91 and specificity of .84, but ATP did not improve classification accuracy afforded by phonological and oral language. A brief screening procedure was formulated using only PA, phonological short-term memory, and demographic variables, with which 80% of children with poor PA who are at risk of reading problems can be identified. Further refinements of this screening procedure would increase accuracy of identification at the cost of only a small increment in required testing time.KEY WORDS: auditory temporal processing, reading difficulties, dyslexia, prediction, specific language impairment, phonological awareness, phonological short-term memory, phonological retrieval
Descriptors: Economically Disadvantaged, Prediction, Phonological Awareness, Identification, Short Term Memory, Reading Skills, Reading Failure, Oral Language, Listening Comprehension, Language Aptitude
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 301-897-5700, ext. 4164; Fax: 301-897-7348
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Reading)