ERIC Number: EJ694690
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Oct
Reference Count: 30
The Impact of Peers and Social Disapproval on High-Risk Cannabis Use: Gender Differences and Implications for Drug Education
Butters, Jennifer E.
Drugs: Education, Prevention & Policy, v11 n5 p381-390 Oct 2004
Drug education programs that rely on an abstinence based philosophy neglect, and may even contribute to, the potentially adverse consequences experienced by young people who already engage in this potentially health-compromising behaviour. A predominant focus of drug research during the initial wave of rising cannabis use by young people in the 1960s and 1970s, was centred on identifying the factors that contributed to this trend. Less attention has been devoted to uncovering those factors that may inhibit the progression to high-risk levels of use and particularly whether their impact differs for adolescent males and females. In spite of the questionable effectiveness, formal control mechanisms (i.e., criminal laws) and a reliance on prevention-based drug education remain primary approaches for combating drug use. This paper identifies a sub-group of adolescents already using cannabis and estimates the effects of peers, social disapproval and perceived health effects on inhibiting the escalation of use to problem levels. The results suggest that the risk for problem cannabis use among adolescents may be attenuated by some of these informal control items. The findings also suggest however, that the effects of these factors may be different for males and females. The implications for drug education initiatives are discussed. The impact of peers and social disapproval on high-risk cannabis use: Gender differences and implications for drug education.
Descriptors: Drug Use, Social Attitudes, Social Values, Marijuana, Gender Differences, Drug Education, Adolescents, Foreign Countries, At Risk Persons, Peer Influence
Customer Services for Taylor & Francis Group Journals, 325 Chestnut Street, Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420 (Toll Free); Fax: 215-625-8914.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada