ERIC Number: EJ694665
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Aug
Reference Count: 58
Cross-National Differences in Participating in Tertiary Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Education
van Langen, Annemarie; Dekkers, Hetty
Comparative Education, v41 n3 p329-350 Aug 2005
In many western countries attention is currently being given to the participation of students in tertiary Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education. This is a result of internationally competing economic ambitions, coupled with acute shortages on the STEM labour market, a declining interest among students for STEM education and a long-lasting under-representation of women. However, despite similarities concerning policy attitudes and identified problems, western countries differ considerably from each other concerning the percentages of students that choose STEM education and the proportion of female students included here. Based on an indepth study in Sweden, the UK, the US and the Netherlands, this article investigates the reasons for these cross-national differences. At the heart of the explanations lie the accessibility of the STEM pipeline, the level of broad-based interdisciplinary studies as opposed to compartmentalization and early specialization, labour market characteristics, social traditions and government policies.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Education, Labor Market, Engineering, Disproportionate Representation, Education Work Relationship
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands; Sweden