ERIC Number: EJ694654
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Nov
Reference Count: 25
The Contemporary Development of Philosophy of Education in Mainland China and Taiwan
Shenghong, Jin; Dan, Jau-wei
Comparative Education, v40 n4 p571-581 Nov 2004
This article introduces and analyses recent developments in philosophy of education in mainland China and Taiwan. Though Confucianism has very rich insights into education, philosophy of education as a discipline came to China only around 100 years ago. It reached its first climax in the 1920s and 1930s, but then went into decline for nearly half a century. In the meantime, western trained philosophers of education were gaining influence in Taiwan from 1949. After the epoch of the Cultural Revolution and implementation of the open door policy, a revival of philosophy of education occurred in the 1980s, combining the long ruptured Confucian tradition and western philosophy of education with a reconceptualization of Marxist educational ideas. Though western traditions remain dominant, especially in Taiwan, Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism and neo-Confucianism have all been taken as frameworks in developing educational theories. It is argued, in conclusion, that what is needed is to make a real marriage between traditional Confucianism and western philosophy of education.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China; Taiwan