ERIC Number: EJ694635
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Feb
Reference Count: 85
A Comparative Analysis of Primary Teacher Professionalism in England and Finland
Webb, Rosemary; Vulliamy, Graham; Hamalainen, Seppo; Sarja, Anneli; Kimonen, Eija; Nevalainen, Raimo
Comparative Education, v40 n1 p83-107 Feb 2004
Policy-makers' conceptions of teacher professionalism currently differ markedly in England and Finland. In England they are shaped by agendas associated with the drive to raise standards and "commercialized professionalism" whilst in Finland they are influenced by notions of "teacher empowerment". This article analyses findings on the theme of teacher professionalism derived from re-interviewing a sample of English and Finnish teachers in 2001 as a follow-up to earlier ethnographic research in six schools in each country during 1994-1996. Issues of professionalism are addressed through three broad themes: the impact of curriculum and pedagogical reforms; working together to implement these reforms; and accountability and control. It is argued that in each country teachers' conceptions of their professionalism were undergoing reconstruction. These conceptions were shaped by past and present ideology, policy and practice and displayed multiple and situational dimensions.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Teacher Empowerment, Ethnography, Educational Change, Teacher Attitudes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Primary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland; United Kingdom (England)