ERIC Number: EJ692257
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Apr
Neurological Impress Method plus
Flood, James; Lapp, Diane; Fisher, Douglas
Reading Psychology an international quarterly, v26 n2 p147-160 Apr-Jun 2005
The purpose of these two studies was to redirect interest to the Neurological Impress Method, a multisensory approach to reading instruction that occurs between a teacher and a student, which has been largely forgotten in mainstream and special education circles over the past decades. In addition to its emphasis on oral reading, we included a comprehension component that we call the plus (+) to NIM Plus. In our first study, third through sixth-grade below-level readers in a San Diego county school participated in NIM tutoring. On each of the three measures--oral reading fluency, silent reading fluency, and comprehension--students performed statistically better after the five-week (3.3 hours) NIM training than they had at the beginning of the training. In oral reading fluency, the students' scores significantly increased from an average of 96.7 words correct per minute to 112 words correct per minute (p .0001 ). In silent reading fluency measure, students' scores increased from an average of 132 words per minute to 154 words per minute (p .002 ). On the comprehension assessment, students' scores increased from an average of 3.2 questions correct to 4.5 correct (p .001 ). In our second study, which was conducted in an urban San Diego school, similar results were found; the students scored significantly higher on all three measures. In this second study, however, we focused on "glimpses" into the reasons why NIM Plus was so effective. The tutors who provided the NIM Plus training reported that NIM Plus helped both teacher and student to focus on prior knowledge, making connections between and among texts and the world, and overall construction of comprehension. Our findings support the idea that the NIM Plus is adaptable and that it requires further investigation, in experimental settings, as well as in schools and clinics.
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Prior Learning, Reading Instruction, Silent Reading, Multisensory Learning, Clinics, Reading Fluency
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