ERIC Number: EJ690595
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Jul
Reference Count: 145
The Influences of the Family of Origin on Career Development: A Review and Analysis. Major Contribution
Whiston, Susan C.; Keller, Briana K.
Counseling Psychologist, v32 n4 p493-568 Jul 2004
Based on a developmental contextual perspective advocated by Vondracek, Lerner, and Schulenberg, this article provides a comprehensive review of the research published since 1980 related to family of origin influences on career development and occupational choice. Because individuals are most likely to seek assistance with career decisions from family members, it is important that counseling psychologists understand how families can have a positive influence and facilitate career development. Influential family contextual factors are identified within four developmental levels (i.e., children, adolescents, college students/young adults, and adults). Across the lifespan, both family structure variables (e.g., parents' occupations) and family process variables (e.g., warmth, support, attachment, autonomy) were found to influence a host of career constructs; however, the process by which families influence career development is complex and is affected by many contextual factors such as race, gender, and age. Based on this comprehensive review, implications for counseling research and practice are discussed.
Descriptors: Young Adults, Family Environment, Parent Child Relationship, Counseling Psychology, Career Development, Family Influence, Career Choice, Race, Sex, Age
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
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