ERIC Number: EJ685039
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Dec
Effects of Classroom Context Variables on High School Students' Judgments of the Acceptability and Likelihood of Cheating
Murdock, Tamera B.; Miller, Angela; Kohlhardt, Julie
Journal of Educational Psychology, v96 n4 p765-777 Dec 2004
Hypothetical vignettes were used to examine the effects of teacher pedagogical skill (good vs. poor), interpersonal caring (caring vs. not), and classroom goal structure (performance vs. mastery) on high school students' judgments about the target of blame for cheating (teacher vs. student), the acceptability of cheating, and the likelihood of cheating. Students' personal goals and academic self-efficacy were also assessed. As hypothesized, poor pedagogy, performance goal structures, and low teacher caring resulted in more teacher blame and less student blame for cheating, and cheating was rated as more justifiable and more likely in these scenarios. The relations between context variables and justifiability were partially mediated by attributions of blame. Although contextual variables had a greater effect than individual motivation variables on participants' judgments of cheating justifiability, judgments about cheating morality were better explained by personal motivation.
Descriptors: High School Students, Self Efficacy, Cheating, Context Effect, Classroom Environment, Objectives, Teaching Skills, Teacher Student Relationship, Student Attitudes, Student Motivation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A