ERIC Number: EJ685001
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Sep
Activity and Imagined Activity Can Enhance Young Children's Reading Comprehension
Glenberg, Arthur M.; Gutierrez, Tiana; Levin, Joel R.; Japuntich, Sandra; Kaschak, Michael P.
Journal of Educational Psychology, v96 n3 p424-436 Sep 2004
The Indexical Hypothesis suggests a new method for enhancing children's reading comprehension. Young readers may not consistently "index," or map, words to the objects the words represent. Consequently, these readers fail to derive much meaning from the text. The instructional method involves manipulating toy objects referred to in the text (e.g., a barn, a tractor, a horse, in a text about a farm) to simulate the actions described in the text. Correctly manipulating the objects forces indexing and facilitates the derivation of meaning. Both actual manipulation and imagined manipulation resulted in markedly better (compared with rereading) memory for and comprehension of the text material, thereby lending strong support to the Indexical Hypothesis.
Descriptors: Young Children, Teaching Methods, Reading Comprehension, Indexing, Manipulative Materials, Reading Instruction, Imagination
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Primary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305H030266