ERIC Number: EJ684869
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Apr
Self-Criticism, Dependency, Self-Esteem, and Grade Point Average Satisfaction Among Clusters of Perfectionists and Nonperfectionists
Grzegorek, Jennifer L.; Slaney, Robert B.; Franze, Sarah; Rice, Kenneth G.
Journal of Counseling Psychology, v51 n2 p192-200 Apr 2004
Cluster analyses using the Almost Perfect Scale--Revised (APS-R; R. B. Slaney, M. Mobley, J. Trippi, J. Ashby, & D. G. Johnson, 1996) yielded 3 clusters that represented adaptive perfectionists, maladaptive perfectionists, and nonperfectionists. Maladaptive perfectionist scores were strongly correlated with self-critical depression, but not dependent depression. Adaptive perfectionist scores were correlated with higher self-esteem and greater satisfaction with grade point average (GPA). It was hypothesized that satisfaction with GPA would moderate the relationship between cluster membership and GPA, and that participant gender would moderate the relationship between cluster membership and self-esteem. Neither hypothesis was supported. A comparison of the cluster groups from this sample with those in 2 previous samples (K. G. Rice & R. B. Slaney, 2002) indicated similar scores between clusters. Clinical implications and directions for future research are discussed.
Descriptors: Grade Point Average, Depression (Psychology), Emotional Adjustment, Individual Differences, Self Esteem, Scores, Comparative Analysis, Multivariate Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
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