ERIC Number: EJ680546
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-May-1
Reference Count: 28
The Development of a Questionnaire for Predicting Online Learning Achievement
Bernard, Robert M.; Brauer, Aaron; Abrami, Philip C.; Surkes, Mike
Distance Education, v25 n1 p31-47 May 2004
The study reported here concerns the development and predictive validation of an instrument to assess the achievement outcomes of DE/online learning success. A 38-item questionnaire was developed and administered to 167 students who were about to embark on an online course. Factor analysis indicated a four-factor solution, interpreted as "general beliefs about DE," "confidence in prerequisite skills," "self-direction and initiative" and "desire for interaction." Using multiple regression we found that two of these factors predicted achievement performance (i.e., Cumulative Course Grade). Comparisons of pretest and posttest administrations of the questionnaire revealed that some changes in opinion occurred between the beginning and the end of the course. Also, categories of demographic characteristics were compared on the four factors. The overall results suggest that this instrument has some predictive validity in terms of achievement, but that Cumulative Grade Point Average (i.e., the university's record of overall achievement) is a much better predictor.
Descriptors: Test Construction, Predictive Validity, Online Courses, Grade Point Average, Student Attitudes, Academic Achievement, Higher Education, College Students, Foreign Countries, Distance Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A